We generally underestimate the role of social vulnerabilities, which have a major impact on the relationship with screens. Indeed, not all children and adolescents are placed in equivalent family, cultural and social contexts and the consequences of the misuse of screens appear all the more serious when the child is in a vulnerable situation: the absence or insecurity of employment, material difficulties of the family, too great a distance to educational, social or medical services, an impoverished cultural context, are all factors that can make it difficult, even inaccessible, to understand the digital world, to educate about the uses of screens, to develop a critical distance and to achieve the necessary self-regulation.
For several years, the city of Saint Denis and the IRI have been working with parents whose children suffer from disorders due to their early overexposure to screens.
The workshops began with the observation that smartphones - and the progressive invasion of space and time that they entail - are a recent phenomenon, with little established knowledge, and with which everyone - parent, childcare professional, researcher - is at a loss. How to get children and their parents out of overexposure to screens? There is a consensus on the fact that it is not a question of eliminating all screens but of considering them as a pharmakon, i.e. containing positive as well as negative potentialities and thus being able to constitute a remedy as well as a poison. It will also be a question of stimulating, or even inventing, positive parental uses of screens. All the partners are conducting projects on the use of digital tools, their dangers and opportunities. Our approach is participative: how to train adult trainers and adults themselves to create prevention and support approaches to the fight against screen and digital addictions.